The income tax expense is classified into current and deferred income tax. The current income tax is recognised in the income statement. Deferred income tax, depending on the source of the temporary differences, is recorded in the income statement or in the item ‘Other comprehensive income’ in the statement of comprehensive income.
Current income tax
Current income tax is calculated on the basis of gross accounting profit adjusted by non-taxable income, taxable income that does not constitute accounting income, non-tax deductible expenses and tax costs which are not accounting costs, in accordance with tax regulations. These items mainly include income and expenses relating to accrued interest receivable and payable, allowances on receivables and provisions for contingent liabilities and commitments.
While calculating corporate income tax, regulations being in force within particular tax jurisdiction with regard to corporate income tax of capital groups are taken into consideration. Simultaneously, the regulations of Decree of the Minister of Finance dated 7 May 2001 on extending the deadlines for paying corporate income tax prepayments for banks granting mortgage loans (Journal of Laws No. 43, item 482) are taken into consideration. According to the above-mentioned Decree moment of taxation of capitalised interest not paid by the borrower and not subject to temporary redemption by the State budget is deferred to the date of actual repayment or redemption of such interest. Therefore, the Group recognises the deferred income tax liability on income due to capitalised interest on mortgage loans, as described in the Decree.
Deferred income tax
The amount of deferred tax is calculated as the difference between the tax base and book value
of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes. The Group recognises deferred income tax assets and liabilities. An amount of deferred tax recognised in profit and loss is determined using the statement of financial position method – as a change in deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are presented in the statement of financial position respectively as assets or liabilities. The change in the balance of a deferred tax liability or a deferred tax asset is included in income tax expense, except for the effects of valuation of financial assets recognised in other comprehensive income, where changes in the balance of a deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are accounted for in correspondence with other comprehensive income. The calculation of deferred tax takes into account the balance of the deferred tax asset and deferred tax liability at the beginning and at the end of the reporting period.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.
The Group uses the 19% tax rate for entities operating on the territory of Poland, a 16% tax rate for entities operating in Ukraine (in 2010: 21%) and 26.3% tax rate for entities operating in Sweden.
Deferred tax assets are offset by the Group with deferred tax liabilities only when there exists enforceable legal entitlement to offset current tax receivables with current tax liabilities and deferred tax is related to the same taxpayer and the same tax authority.