The Group is a party to lease agreements, based on which it conveys in return for payment to use and take profits (the lessor) from tangible and intangible assets during a fixed period (the rights).
The Group is also a party to lease agreements, based on which it receives tangible fixed assets for an agreed period of time (the lessee).
The classification of lease agreements by the Group is based on the extent to which risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset lie with the lessor or the lessee.
The Group as a lessor
As regards finance lease agreements, the Group, as a lessor, has receivables of the present value of contractual lease payments, increased by a possible unguaranteed residual value assigned to the lessor, fixed at the date of the lease agreement. These receivables are disclosed under ‘Loans and advances to customers’. Finance lease payments are apportioned between the finance income and the reduction of balance of receivables in a way that provide fixed interest rate from an outstanding debt.
As regards operating lease agreements, initial direct costs that are incremental and directly attributable to negotiating and arranging a lease, are added to the carrying value of the leased asset during the period fixed in the lease agreement, on the same basis as in the case of contracts for hire. Conditional lease payments constitute income when they are due. Lease payments due from agreements, which do not meet the finance lease criteria (operating lease agreements) constitute income in the income statement and are recognised on a straight-line basis during the lease term.
The Group as a lessee
Lease payments under an operating lease and subsequent instalments are recognised as an expense in the income statement and are recognised on a straight-line basis over the lease term.